Balanced Audio Technology VK-33SE
With its new transformer-coupled outputs and superb user interface, the VK-33SE offers both extremely dynamic, transparent renditions of musical events and the industry’s best ease-of-use versatility. The result of intense research, each of the preamplifier’s transformer-coupled outputs is encapsulated within a mu-metal shield, a design substantially superior to any capacitor in maintaining purity of signal transmission. True to its heritage, the VK-33SE uses the 6H30 SuperTube to form a high-current, low-impedance gain stage. For extra convenience, the fully balanced VK-33SE even incorporates a mix of balanced and single-ended inputs as well as outputs.
The VK-33SE preamplifier is truly an outstanding performer in Balanced Audio Technology’s line of Special Edition vacuum tube preamplifiers. At BAT, we don’t look over our shoulders to see what the competition is doing. Our toughest competition comes from within.
Balanced Audio Technology is pleased to confirm that the VK-33SE substantially exceeds the performance of the already stellar VK-32SE preamplifier. With its new transformer-coupled outputs, the VK-33SE simply offers a far more dynamic and transparent rendition of the musical event than previously thought possible.
Transformer Coupled Outputs
Like the VK-53SE and REX II preamplifiers, the VK-33SE features transformer-coupled outputs. This new design replaces BAT’s venerable Six-Pak of output capacitors with custom-designed output transformers. Each transformer is encapsulated within a mu-metal shield for the ultimate in signal purity and noise isolation.
This change to a transformer-coupled output stage has a solid engineering foundation. All devices have inherent imperfections. Yet, while both capacitors and transformers can perform the same task of DC decoupling, in many cases transformers can be designed closer to the ideal device model. This benefit, however, does not come easily. First - the design of a linear, and close-to-ideal, transformer is not trivial. Second - some applications are more suitable for transformers than others. And third - the highest quality transformers are also much higher in cost. The combination of these three elements explains why good transformers are relatively uncommon in high-end audio.
In order to achieve this “transformational” goal, years were spent in prototyping and testing various alternative output transformer designs. The result: BAT’s new transformer-coupled output stage proved itself to be substantially superior to any capacitor in maintaining a purity of signal transmission. Electrically, these custom transformers significantly improve the VK-33SE preamplifier’s ability to drive low impedance loads. Sonically, they offer improvements in every area of musical reproduction.
Simplicity of design, especially in the direct signal path, has always been the hallmark of Balanced Audio Technology’s purist approach to circuit topology. Some advocates of this purist approach like to talk about a "direct wire with gain" as being the ideal circuit. The VK-33SE preamplifier deftly meets this simple design criterion. Effectively, the signal in the VK-33SE preamplifier is transmitted through only one gain stage. It is a design that is free from the negative artifacts attributable to both extremes of modern preamplifier designs: passive preamplifiers at one end of the spectrum and multistage buffered active circuits at the other.
The benefit of the UnistageTM circuit is that it provides the ultimate simplicity of amplifying the incoming signal only once, while using no global feedback to double-back on the straight-through integrity of that signal. Imagine telling a joke to your friends and telling them to“pass it on”…. Pass it on enough times and you won’t recognize the joke. Pass the music through too many gain stages, and you’ll no longer recognize the genius and beauty of your favorite recordings.
High-current 6H30 SuperTube circuit
Well over a decade ago, Balanced Audio Technology introduced the world to the 6H30 SuperTube with the introduction of the VK-50SE preamplifier. Today, many of our major tube competitors have followed Balanced Audio Technology’s lead by designing their own reference products based on this stellar vacuum tube. As the fourth generation of our renowned VK-3x series of preamplifiers, the VK-33SE preamplifier continues to proudly use the 6H30 SuperTube to form a high-current, low impedance gain stage. As we had written upon introduction, “comparing the 6H30 tube to a standard 6922 is like comparing a Formula 1 race car to a family sedan.” Balanced Audio Technology is certainly proud of having the longest “track record” in using this stellar device.
Fully balanced design
Of course the VK-33SE preamplifier is balanced. Balanced Audio Technology staked its reputation on this principal of circuit design from day one. Today, it isn’t hard to find many followers in the industry. Why do we believe that balanced is better? In our opinion balanced topology simply provides a complete signal representation. Something magical happens when you free yourself from the limitations of the single-ended structure with its half-signal processing. If a one-handed craftsman can be very good, imagine what he could do with two hands.
It is fairly common to associate the benefits of balanced design with improved signal integrity when dealing with long interconnects, for example. In fact, the true benefits of a balanced approach to circuit design go much further than signal transmission. These benefits include such fundamental aspects of design as the interaction between the power supply and its associated gain stage. It is now common wisdom that the power supply should be considered a part of the signal path. However, whereas the sonic contribution of the power supply can be overwhelming in a single-ended design, it is much less of a concern in a balanced circuit. As the circuit becomes more symmetrical, the residual effect of the power supply becomes less intrusive. In effect, the demand on the power supply is reduced, making it easier to design a balanced circuit that conforms more closely to the engineering ideal.
For added convenience, the VK-33SE incorporates a mix of balanced and single-ended inputs as well as outputs.
Shunt Volume Control
The VK-33SE preamplifier employs a proprietary electronic shunt volume attenuator that offers one hundred and forty steps of 0.5dB resolution. Only a single Vishay bulk foil resistor per phase – the most precise and thermally stable resistor available – is in the signal path. Discrete metal film resistors are used to bleed the unused signal to ground. With this circuit, only the highest quality Vishay resistor is in series with the signal. In addition, the one hundred and forty steps give precise, repeatable volume settings that sound continuous to the human ear. With the VK-33SE preamplifier, you can always get the volume just right!
Optional Phono Module
The user can order the VK-33SE preamplifier with Balanced Audio Technology’s outstanding VK-P3 phono card. The VK-P3 phono card is a solid-state phono module that is designed to compete with external phono stages that are twice its price. It offers switch-selectable moving magnet or moving coil gain settings, and provides a convenient, high performance, single-box solution for the vinyl record aficionado.
Superb User Interface
The VK-33SE preamplifier is easy to use right out of the box. It is also just as easy to customize. Its user interface has been widely acknowledged to be one of the best and perhaps the most flexible in the industry. You can dim the display (or turn it off entirely) from the comfort of your chair by using the BAT remote. Fade the music gently at the touch of one button. Name your sources. For example, name your home theater playback input THTR. Fix the volume for your THTR input to allow easy master control of your home theater system from your pre/pro remote. Switch phase from your chair to see if a recording was made in reverse absolute polarity. The list of features is extensive. If you only use one of the many delightful features of the VK-33SE preamplifier, you’ll appreciate the thoughtfulness behind its design.
The VK-33SE is an extraordinary, high-performance preamplifier that we are proud to place on the same podium with the VK-53SE and REX II.
Inputs: 2 x XLR + 3 x RCA
Output Impedance: 300 ohm
Outputs - Main: 1 x XLR + 1 x RCA
Noise (unweighted): -96 dB
Outputs - Tape: 1 x RCA
Distortion at 2V output: 0.005 %
Maximum Gain: 18 dB
Maximum Output Signal: 30 V
Global Feedback: None
Absolute Polarity: Switchable
Volume Control Resolution, Steps: 0.5 dB, 140
Power Consumption: 150 VA
Dimensions: 19" x 5.75" x 15.5"
Frequency Response: 2 Hz to 200 kHz
Weight: 40 lb
Input Impedance (minimum): 100 kΩ
Tube Complement: 4 x 6H30, 2 x 6C19
A Nice Note from Thad
I received the BAT VK-33SE yesterday and took it home and put it in my system last night. The preamp was beautifully packaged and appeared to be brand new. I was unaware a remote would come with it, and I thank you for including it. Do I owe you money for the remote? Please advise.
A funny thing . . .
After I very carefully hooked up the preamp and set it to work, I instantly noticed the sound which should have been coming out of the left speaker was coming out of the right and vice-versa. This perplexed me. I spent far more time than I'll admit on my knees swapping cables, reattaching speaker wires, etc., checking gear and pretty much driving myself into the deep end of the pool before I finally went to sleep last night. (And yes, an hour before sleep I cheated and simply flip-flopped the connecters between the preamp and the amp to get the proper L-R, R-L sound stage.)
This morning I got up and unplugged every connection and wire and did what I should have done in the first place: read the manual.
On p. 20, there is an instruction about "resetting" the preamp to original factory specifications. I followed the procedure and voila, the sound stage was instantly corrected. I have no idea why the preamp initially presented an inverse sound stage (in terms of L and R and vice-versa), but resetting the preamp corrected the issue.
Even after only a few hours of use, and with no "break-in" of a week or weeks, I can report to you that the VK-33SE is VASTLY better, in every significant way, than the Audio Research LS-17SE preamp I traded in.
Qualities and trademarks of the VK-33SE over the LS-17SE:
The depth of the sound stage;
The width of the sound stage;
The clarity of the sound presentation;
The quietness of the sound stage when at rest;
The ability of the preamp to enable the listener to clearly hear and delineate individual polyphonic lines (from, in this case, Bach's B-minor Mass) amidst a vast and complex array of choral and orchestral and organ lines;
The power, purity and depth of the bass (a near religious experience--Bach's Toccata and Fugue in D-minor, with the volume up where it belongs);
The sweetness and beauty of the overtones in Maureen McGovern's voice on sustained high notes (The Moon's a Harsh Mistress, The Coming of the Roads, The Circle Game, On My Way to You; all are near-religious experiences);
The seductiveness and beauty of Tierney Sutton's voice (and the gorgeous bass entrance) in I'll Be Around.
The silkiness, clarity and depth of the strings in the lead theme to Lonesome Dove.
The washed-window clarity of the baritone, the depth of the sound stage, the clarity and position of each instrument and each voice in It Works by Alabama.
The perfect beauty of the individual voices, the intake of breaths, indeed, almost their heartbeats, in Under the Stars by the group Voces8.
The sound of Murray Perahia's fingertips gracing the Steinway as he plays the opening notes to the Andante movement of Mozart's Piano Concerto #23, and the perfect beauty of the English Chamber Orchestra as it answers Mozart's opening statement. (The second movement of Concerto #23 is, in my view, perhaps the most perfect, and perfectly beautiful, piano-orchestral music ever written.)
The accurate playback of my own recordings, my own works.
The VK-33SE is the real deal. It's worth every penny and maybe a bunch more. I've only heard one preamp in one system--an all-Spectral system from about ten years ago--that clearly matches the clarity, silence and purity--and the bass--of the VK-33SE.
I have not heard the VK-53SE or T-Rex. I have heard the Audio Research LS-27 and the Reference 5 preamps, but not the LS-28 or the new Reference 6. The VK-33 SE, in my view, walks all over the LS-27 in every category, and is in a race to the finish line vis a vis the Reference 5; it would take a long time, I think, for most critical listeners and trained musicians to objectively determine whether the Ref 5 is better than the 33SE or vice-versa.
So . . . thanks for fair dealing and a fair price and fair business regarding my trade-in of the LS-17SE and your sale to me of the VK-33SE.
I'm a happy guy. Thank you.
P.S.--You have my permission to publish all or part of this note in your advertising, as you see fit. TWD